The State of Baja California is located in the Northwestern extreme of México. It limits to the West with the Pacific Ocean, to the East with the Sea of Cortés or Gulf of California, and with the entities of Sonora and Arizona, USA, to the South with Baja California Sur, and to the North with California, USA.
Before reaching the category of State in 1953, it had the name of North Territory of Baja California. Its capital is Mexicali and along with Tijuana they are the most populated cities in the State; both are located on the border with the United States. In addition to these two municipalities, Baja California is formed by Tecate, Ensenada, and Playas de Rosarito.
Baja California distinguishes itself from the other entities of the country by having a high level of per-capita and a low level of poverty. In the last years the maquiladora (factory) industry has been a very important economic detonator for the State, and it has turned into the main recipient of maquiladoras in the country. It has more than 700 plants coming mainly from the United States and Asia.